Chinese Food - Chinese Cuisine

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Chinese Cuisine

History of Chinese Food

Chinese History of Food
China's rapidly growing population has been hard to feed throughout history. In the year of 1000 the population of Chinese had grown to 100 million. This forced the people of China to constantly change their eating habits. Dishes containing rice or noodles mixed with meat and vegetables were made by stir frying them so food could be made quickly and fuel could be conserved.
The many differences in food became obvious between regions around the 1200's when Mongolian invaders came to China. Styles and customs were exchanged between the cultures.

Zongzi - traditional food in China
 

Food of China

Traditional Food in China
Two of the main foods found in China are rice and flour. For those who are rice farmers in the southern parts of China, rice is the main food source. It is used to made wine, beer and vinegar. For the wheat farmers of northern China, people eat many foods that are flour based including dumplings, steamed buns, breads and noodles. A traditional meal involves everyone dishing food onto a plate from one "main" dish. The Chinese eat with chopsticks, which is a pair of sticks made of wood held in one hand. The food is always cut into small, bite-sized pieces during preparation. Typical family dinners often include noodles, rice, three or four hot dishes and soup. Formal dinners will also include many cold appetizers.

 

Dishes from China

Map of China

        Popular Dishes in China

  • Soy egg - A Chinese egg that has been cooked in spices, water, sugar and soy sauce.
  • Char siu - This is meat, usually pork, that has been barbecued. It is common in many Cantonese dishes.
  • Wonton - A dumpling that has a filling of chopped oysters, onion, ginger, shrimp or pork.
  • Zongzi - Traditional food in China made up of rice that has been stuffed with different things and wrapped in bamboo leaves, then boiled or steamed.
  • Jiaozi - Chinese dumplings with vegetables or ground meats that are wrapped in a thin dough and then sealed by pressing the edges.
  • Buddha's delight - This is a dish of vegetables that is common among the Chinese. It is made of many different vegetables and cooked in soy sauce.
  • Zha jiang mian - A food from northern China made of wheat noodles that are covered with a ground pork mixture.
  • Fried rice - This dish is made of rice that has been stir-fried with ingredients that include vegetables, meat and eggs.
  • Sweet and sour pork - This is made up of bite sized pieces of pork deep fried and then stir fried into a sweet and sour sauce made of white vinegar, sugar, soy sauce, pineapple and green pepper.
  • Peking duck - This duck dish originated in Beijing and one of China's national dishes. Duck is roasted until it becomes a shiny brown color.
 

Chinese Drink

  • Tea - This is the most common Chinese drink. There is a wide variety of teas including oolong tea, green tea, black tea, white tea, scented and compressed tea.
  • Chinese liquor - This drink is made out of rice, wheat and corn. Common brands include Wu Liang Ye, Lu Zhou Te Qu and Er Guo Tou.
  • Yellow wine - This drink is made from rice and the most common brands include Te Jia Fan, Hua Diao, Shaoxing, and Lao Jiu.

About China

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