Food Mexican - Mexico Cuisine

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Mexican Cuisine Dishes

History of Mexico

Mexican Food History
In 1517, when Europeans first arrived in Mexico, the native people were the Maya who lived in the Yucatan Peninsula and the Aztecs who lived in the interior of the country. The native diet was beans, corn, tomatoes, peppers, squash, sweet potatoes and herbs. Chocolate is native to Mexico and was a drink that royalty enjoyed. While the Indians did hunt on occasion to add meats such as turkey, deer and rabbit, they mainly enjoyed a vegetarian diet. When the Spanish came to Mexico, they brought with them chickens, goats, pigs and sheep. Over the course of 300 years, Spain controlled Mexico. Although Mexico eventually became independent, the Spaniards had left a lasting mark on the people and culture.

Food of Mexico
 

About Mexican Food

Traditional Food In Mexico
The base of the Mexican diet is corn which is enjoyed in nearly every meal. Some of the more common vegetables and fruits include tomatillos, sweet potato, mango, avocado, tomatoes, papaya and pineapple. The food of Mexico is a combination of the native Indian cuisine and Spanish influence.
For breakfast, the Mexican people will often enjoy sweet rolls and coffee, but eggs are also eaten. The main meal of the day is lunch, or comida. It is eaten between 1:00 and 3:00 pm. It might be made up of a dish of meat, soup, tortillas, rice, coffee and dessert. For supper, the meal is usually light and is often enjoyed sometime after 9 in the evening.

 

Mexican Dishes

Mexico on a map

        Mexican Food Dishes

  • Birria - This dish is a Mexican meat stew that has a spicy flavor. Often, it is made with goat, lamb, or mutton. Commonly served with corn tortillas, onion, cilantro, or lime.
  • Pozole - A pre-Columbian soup or stew in Mexico. With ingredients such as meat, pork, chicken, turkey, sardine, corn and other seasonings this is a favorite.
  • Menudo - A common Mexican dish. This soup is made of beef stomach, clear broth and sometimes a base of red chili. This dish is commonly served during special family times or on special occasions. Most of the time, lime, onions, cilantro, oregano, and red crushed chili peppers are included.
  • Carnitas - This is a dish of roasted pork common in Mexican cuisine.
  • Arroz con pollo - This is a traditional Mexican dish. Ingredients often include rice, beer, stock, sofrito (a mixture of vegetables and fresh herbs), and chicken.
  • Burrito - This is a famous kind of Mexican food. It is made of flour tortilla that has been folded around a filling of fried beans, Mexican rice, or meat.
  • Chiles en nogada - A popular meal in Mexican cuisine. It is made up of poblano chiles that have been stuffed with "picadillo", or a combination of ground meat, fruits, spices and aromatics that is then covered with a walnut-based cream sauce and pomegranate seeds. This combination offers the colors of the Mexican flag: chili makes green, nut sauce makes white and pomegranate makes red.
  • Chili con carne - A kind of spicy stew. Common versions are made out of chili peppers, garlic, and onions, and also feature ground beef. Often, tomatoes and beans are added to the dish.
  • Enchilada - This is a dish made of corn or flour tortilla that is rolled over filling and is smothered in a sauce of chili peppers. Commonly, an enchilada is filled up with different ingredients that include meat, cheese, beans, potatoes, vegetables, and even seafood.
  • Taco - This is a common Mexican dish made up of corn or wheat tortilla that has been rolled around fillings including beef, chicken, seafood, vegetables and cheese.
 

Mexican Drink

          Mexican Drinks

  • Chocolate - This is a popular Mexican drink. It is more common than candy in Mexico.
  • Aguas frescas - This is also a very popular non-alcoholic drink in Mexico. It is made up of seeds or fruits that are mixed with sugar and water. Often, mango, melon, orange, pineapple and strawberry are used.
  • Tequila - This is the most famous Mexican drink around the world. Its made from an agave plant called blue agave.

About Mexico

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